Periodontal Disease in Pets

One of the questions that are commonly asked about pet insurance is if it covers dental cleanings. Pet insurance is reserved for unforeseen accidents and illnesses requiring veterinarian intervention to preserve the life of your pet. Teeth cleanings are considered an elective and preventative procedure similar to vaccinations, nail trimmings, and heartworm/flea medications. However, the development of periodontal disease in pets is something that pet insurance does cover as an illness.

 

According to the American Veterinary Dental College, periodontal disease is the most common clinical condition occurring in adult dogs and cats and is entirely preventable.

 

What is periodontal disease in pets?

Periodontal disease occurs when a bacterial infection in the mouth creates plaque that sticks to the surface of the teeth and spreads to beneath the gumline. Without proper oral care, the bacteria destroys the bone causing teeth to become mobile due to tissue damage. When the body senses a foreign object in your pets’ mouth, it sends white blood cells to eliminate the problem. This results in inflamed gums, destroyed tissue, bone loss, and ultimately tooth loss.

 

A 2017 report by the American Veterinary Medical Association suggested the dental surgery segment is poised to dominate the market due to the increasing prevalence of periodontal diseases and the rising demand for dental care.

 

What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease in pets?

Although gum disease is difficult to identify, there are no symptoms in the beginning at all. Periodontal disease is generally recognized when the disease has greatly progressed. Pets Web MD listed some symptoms of severe gum disease:

• Problems picking up food
• Bleeding or red gums
• Loose teeth
• Blood in the water bowl or on chew toys
• Bad breath (“halitosis”)
• “Talking” or making noises when a pet eats or yawns
• Bumps or lumps in the mouth
• Bloody or ropey saliva
• Not wanting the head touched (head shyness)
• Chewing on one side of the mouth
• Sneezing or nasal discharge (advanced gum disease in the upper teeth can destroy bone between the nasal and oral cavity)

 

Studies show that by the age of 3 more than 80% of pets have periodontal disease.

 

Are there different stages of periodontal disease in pets?

Yes, there are 4 stages of periodontal disease:

1. Stage 1- Gingivitis- inflammation of the gums
2. Stage 2- Early periodontitis- less than 25% of bone loss, inflammation, bad breath
3. Stage 3- Moderate periodontitis- 25-50% bone loss, bleeding, and loss of gums
4. Stage 4- Extreme periodontitis- over 50% bone loss, severe pain, bacteria in the bloodstream

 

Can periodontal disease in pets be prevented?

Yes, Pet Web MD says periodontal disease can be prevented by doing the following:

1. Take your pet in for regular, preventative oral exams and cleanings.
2. Brushing your pet’s teeth every day is essential.
3. Feed your pet quality dog food.
4. Offer safe toys and treats for daily chewing.

 

Most pets require regular cleanings while under general anesthesia to maintain good oral health.

 

Can periodontal disease kill my pet?

Periodontal disease is linked to heart, lung, kidney, and bladder infections. The bacteria in the mouth can easily enter the bloodstream through the breakdown of gum tissue. Once the bacteria is circling in the blood it can reach the heart and cause an infection. Ultimately, this can lead to death when left untreated.

 

What do I do if my pet has periodontal disease?

If you suspect your pet has periodontal disease, make an appointment with your veterinarian to begin antibiotic treatment and control the pain in your pet’s mouth. At Pin Paws, we offer pet insurance to cover the treatment of periodontal disease, however, this is effective before this disease becomes a pre-existing condition.

 

Click here to learn more about our pet insurance plans: Pin Paws Pet Care.

Daphyne Lovejoy

Daphyne Lovejoy has been the lead content writer for Pin Paws since 2017. She is passionate about providing pet owners with informative and fun pet facts, has volunteered for various pet rescues and has five 4-legged dogs of her own.